Between April 18 and May 2, 2022, the US government continued to ratchet up economic sanctions, export controls, and other restrictive trade measures targeting Russia.  Most significantly, on April 21, President Biden issued a Proclamation prohibiting “Russian-affiliated vessels” from entering US ports.  Otherwise, the US government has focused on utilizing its existing authorities to impose further costs on Russia.

Over the last two weeks of April, the US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) designated over 40 individuals and entities including Transkapitalbank (TKB), re-issued an expanded set of Ukraine- / Russia- Sanctions Regulations (URSR), and issued several new or revised general licenses, including one relating to the provision of assistance by nongovernmental organizations, and 8 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs).

Separately, the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) continues to be focused on restricting the Russian aviation sector, issuing a temporary denial order (TDO) on the Russian cargo aircraft carrier, Aviastar, for operating aircraft on flights into and out of Russia without the BIS authorization required under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), and providing weekly updates to its list of commercial and private aircraft operated in potential violation of the EAR.

Continue Reading April 18 – May 2, 2022 Russian Sanctions Update

Since March 14, 2022, the United Kingdom has continued to introduce and announce new sanctions measures in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.  The new UK measures include sanctions enforcement powers under the Economic Crime (Transparency and Enforcement) Act 2022, the designation of hundreds of individuals and entities under the UK’s Russia and Belarus sanctions regimes, the introduction of new general licences, the introduction and announcement of new sanctions measures, and the revision of various guidance documents.

Continue Reading A Summary of New UK Sanctions Enforcement Powers and Further Ukraine-related UK Sanctions on Russia and Belarus

As of March 20, 2022, a new Executive Order (EO) prohibited certain imports, exports, the transfer of US dollar banknotes to Russia, and new investments involving certain sectors of the Russian economy.  The US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) also issued new General Licenses and Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) guidance. Additionally, the US Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry & Security (BIS) announced new regulations to control the export, reexport, and transfer (in country) of certain luxury goods to or within Russia and Belarus. BIS also identified numerous aircraft subject to US export controls jurisdiction that had flown to Russia without a license, and issued a reminder regarding the restrictions under General Prohibition 10 under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) of servicing such aircraft.

Key points of these US sanctions developments and export controls are summarized below.

For a summary of US sanctions and export controls adopted between February 21 and March 8, 2022, see this Steptoe blog post.

Continue Reading Update: New US Sanctions on Russia Target Certain Imports, Exports, Dollar Banknotes, and Investments

Since March 8, 2022, the United Kingdom has continued to introduce and announce new sanctions and export controls measures in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.  The new UK measures include the designation of hundreds of individuals, the introduction of new sanctions measures under the sixth amendment to The Russia (EU Exit) (Sanctions) Regulations 2019 (Russia Regulations), amendments to VTB Bank general licence INT/2022/1272278, removal of Belarus from nine open general export licences (OGELs), and the announcement of the UK’s intention to phase out Russian oil imports by the end of 2022.

Continue Reading Round Up of New UK Sanctions and Export Controls on Russia and Belarus

On March 4, 2022, HM Treasury’s Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation (OFSI) published an updated version of its Russia guidance and issued two new general licences permitting the wind down of positions with Sberbank and involving Bank Otkritie, Promsvyazbank, Bank Rossiya, Sovcombank, and VEB.  The UK government also put forward a series of amendments to the Economic Crime (Transparency and Enforcement) Bill proponents say is needed to crack down on corrupt elites and ramp up pressure on President Putin’s regime.

Continue Reading Update: OFSI Publishes Updated Russia Guidance; Issues New General Licences; and UK Amends Draft Economic Crime Legislation to Move “Harder and Faster” with Sanctions

On March 1, 2022, four new amendments to The Russia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (Russia Regulations) were laid before parliament and came into immediate effect.  The amendments revise the financial and investment restrictions provisions contained in Part 3, Chapter 2 and the trade sanctions provisions set out in Part 5.  New restrictions also have been introduced banning Russian ships from UK ports under Part 6 and introducing restrictions on the provision of financial services for the purpose of foreign exchange reserve and asset management.

Continue Reading Update: New UK Russia Sanctions Legislation Comes into Effect, Suspension of Export Licences for Dual-Use Items to Russia, Additional Designations and New General Licences

On February 28, 2022, the UK government announced the designation of a further three Russian banks under the Russia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (Russia Regulations) determined to be involved in obtaining a benefit from, or supporting, the Government of Russia.  Two of the three banks already were sanctioned by the United States.  Additional banks,

The United States government has continued to impose numerous economic sanctions and export controls measures following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.  On February 24, 2022, the US Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) significantly expanded export controls applicable to Russia.  On February 25, 2022, the US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) added Russian President Vladimir Putin and others to the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List.  It also imposed significant economic sanctions measures targeting Russia’s financial system — including by imposing sanctions on Russia’s largest financial institutions and limiting the ability of certain Russian state-owned and private entities to raise capital.  Together, OFAC’s actions, which were taken pursuant to Executive Order (EO) 14024 following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, are estimated to affect nearly 80 percent of all banking assets in Russia.

Finally, on February 26, 2022, the United States and European Union countries, together with the United Kingdom and Canada, announced an agreement to block certain Russian banks from access to SWIFT (with Japan also agreeing the following day), to impose sanctions on Russia’s Central Bank, and to limit the ability of certain Russian nationals connected to the Russian government to obtain citizenship in their countries. They further agreed to ensure effective transatlantic coordination in implementing sanctions, including by sanctioning additional Russian entities and persons, and by working together and with other governments around the world to identify and freeze sanctioned Russian assets.

Continue Reading Biden Administration Imposes Sweeping Financial Sanctions, Export Controls after Russian Invasion of Ukraine

On February 24, 2022, the UK government announced the designation of a further five individuals and six entities under the Russia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The sanctions target companies and senior executives operating in Russia’s banking and defence sectors involved in the destabilization of Ukraine or in obtaining a benefit from, or supporting, the Government of Russia.  Three of the five individuals and three of the six companies already were sanctioned by the United States.

Continue Reading Ukraine Crisis: UK Announces Further Tranche of Sanctions Following Russian Invasion

On February 22, 2022, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the designation of five Russian banks and three high net worth individuals under the recently expanded Russia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (see our previous blog post on the UK’s expanded sanctions powers here). The announcement follows the Russian government’s recognition of the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR) and Luhansk People’s Republic (LNR) and placement of Russian military forces in those territories for purported peacekeeping operations.

The sanctions target Russian banks and high net worth individuals involved in the destabilization of Ukraine or in obtaining a benefit from, or supporting, the Government of Russia.  All three individuals and four of the five banks (with the exception of PJSC Promsvyazbank) already were sanctioned by the United States.

Continue Reading UK Announces First Sanctions Targeting Russian Banks and Oligarchs after Russia Enters Ukraine’s Donetsk and Luhansk Regions